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    Study in Germany: Home to 82 million inhabitants, Germany is a land of diverse beauty, historical splendor, and state-of-the-art innovation. If you are looking to fulfill your Alpine fantasies then the country’s bewitching scenery is sure to satisfy, and those drawn to Germany’s cities will experience the new pinnacle of cool in Europe. Tradition coexists with techno in these pulsating centers of culture and counterculture where you can gorge on Bratwurst and Stollen cake by day and sweat in industrial clubs by night.

    A global forerunner in industry and technology, Germany is a highly developed country with an excellent standard of living and a social market economy widely considered to be one of the most efficient in the world. Germany has also known the world over for its cultural contributions – you will find everything from the high-brow to the underground across the nation’s sixteen dynamic states.

    Study in Germany Details

    Germany is the most preferred study abroad destination in Europe. This country hosts millions of international students every year and offers the latest scientific and research-based study courses to both local and international students. It is the most picked study destination after America and UK. Germany is ranked in the top 10 best places to study abroad. In German institutions, students enjoy a comprehensive academic and social atmosphere.

    The number of international students has continued to increase by around 8 percent over the past few years. Through this rate, Germany will meet its target of enrolling 350,000 international students by 2020 three years ahead of the planned schedule.

    Why Study In Germany

    Germany is the most preferred study abroad destination in Europe. This country hosts millions of international students every year and offers the latest scientific and research-based study courses to both local and international students. It is the most picked study destination after America and UK. Germany is ranked in the top 10 best places to study abroad. In German institutions, students enjoy a comprehensive academic and social atmosphere.

    The number of international students has continued to increase by around 8 percent over the past few years. Through this rate, Germany will meet its target of enrolling 350,000 international students by 2020 three years ahead of the planned schedule.

    Tuition-Free Degree Courses
    The most attractive offer for international students is the tuition-free study programs rendered by German public universities. The public universities in Germany offer free or very low-fee tuition programs for international students. These low-cost courses are available in almost every field of study including Engineering, Medicine, Business, and Arts. International students fly to Germany to seek high-quality education in a unique cultural lifestyle.

    Highly Reputed Unified Education System in Germany
    Universities in Germany run under the Bologna reform. According to this reform, all students whether national or international get a unified model of education. The degrees issued in all categories like bachelor’s, master’s, or Ph.D. are internationally recognized. Around 47 universities in Germany are considered the best institutions in the world. According to a 2018 German report, nearly 35% of foreign students choose Germany for its low or no tuition fees to universities. While twenty-nine percent are impressed with the quality of education and academic staff in the German institutes.

    Best Universities in Germany
    There are nearly 400 officially recognized universities throughout Germany offering more than 15000 study programs. Many German universities are popular for their high international rankings. Germany’s most prestigious universities include LMU Munich, Technical University of Munich, and the Humboldt University of Berlin.

    Variety of Study Courses
    In reputable German tertiary education institutes, study courses from every field of life are taught. International students can study any subject in Germany. The sub-categories of engineering courses like Aeronautics, automobile, or robotics Have a Hub in Germany Likewise German institutes render the most comprehensive courses in Arts, Music, and other relevant fields. German business schools are top-ranked and business management degrees are highly recognized around the world. According to a recent survey, international students chiefly enrolled in these German courses, Engineering, Business Management, Humanities, Math, Information Technology, Fine and Applied Arts

    English Taught Courses
    Previously German institutes offer only German-taught study programs but with time Germany has modified its medium of instruction in academics. To attract more and more foreign students many English-taught study programs are introduced. Thus, many courses and degree programs are now offered in English. Most of these courses are offered at the master’s degree level but gradually English taught courses are also being incorporated into other degree courses. Currently, there are about 1450 English taught courses in German Universities.

    Use of technology
    The U.S. takes pride in its technological advancement and it has made sure that all spectrums of the education sector are well equipped with the latest technology. This makes the life of the student much simpler with easy access to data and other technology. It is said that technology plays a pivotal role in research and development and American universities have made sure they do not fall behind when it comes to the advancement of their facilities and their students by introducing new methods and skills to the learning curve.

    American culture and campus life
    It is often said that American society is the epitome of freedom, fun, and opportunity and it is quite true. Once a student decides to take admitted to an American university, it brings in a lot of enthusiasm and freedom from the word go. It is said once a student sets foot on American soil, they start imbibing the culture that the US of A brings with its name. Studying in the U.S. can give you opportunities to know and learn about other cultures and share your culture with your international friends.

    College life in universities is not just about classes and tutorials but an extension of your personality. You may find a lot of exciting mediums to make friends and enjoy college life. Indulge in a pottery class and unleash your creativity. Join a dance club. Or if you are an aspiring writer, join the college magazine team. You will find many such ways to broaden your experience as per your interests. Most universities have international student offices. Staff and faculty members ensure better support and guidance to international students. During your stay in the U.S., you may also gain essential life skills such as communication and social skills.

    Education System in Germany

    Germany’s institutions of higher education are internationally accredited – according to the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), 6 of the top 100 and 18 of the top 200 universities in the world are German. Studying here will place you among some of the oldest and most established universities in the world, as well as some of the newest and most innovative.

    Public and Private Universities
    There are 400 public universities in Germany, which are attended by 95% of the university student population. These institutions are state-funded, meaning that students do not pay tuition fees (apart from a small administrative cost at the start of each semester). There are also around 120 private institutions that do not receive government funding and are not state-regulated, meaning that they set their tuition fees.

    The Bologna System
    Higher education in Germany recently converted to the three-tier degree system of the European Higher Education Area established under the Bologna System. Rather than the old one-tier ‘long’ programs, Germany now offers undergraduate courses which result in a Bachelor’s degree and postgraduate courses which result in a Master’s or Ph.D. (Doctorate). This system is designed to be the same throughout Europe, facilitating international educational mobility and enhancing flexibility in educational objectives.

    Undergraduate Education
    Though recognized and known the world over, the Bachelor’s degree is fairly new to Germany. To obtain a Bachelors’s degree you need to have 180 study points in European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). The study period is a minimum of 3 years. You can get the following degrees after completing your Bachelor’s Program. The German higher education system differentiates between different types of universities for different disciplines:

    Technische Universität (Technical Schools) these schools teach science, technology, and engineering. Fachhochschulen (Universities of Applied Science) specialize in business, engineering, and social science, and Kunst- und Musikhochschulen are universities of fine and performing arts, music, media, and communication

    Postgraduate Education
    Master’s degrees are taught courses (unlike PhDs which are research-oriented), and usually last two years (four semesters). They are either ‘consecutive’ or ‘non-consecutive. Consecutive Master’s programs build upon an obtained Bachelor’s – they follow on from a related undergraduate degree and do not ordinarily charge fees. Non-consecutive programs focus on a more specialized area of study. These courses may charge fees and are more likely to require professional or practical experience on top of an undergraduate degree.

    Application Process

    In Germany, you submit your application directly to your chosen institution of study. Alternatively, international students can use the resource UniAssist. This is a centralized service managed by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) which reviews applications before sending them on to universities. Not all universities use this service, however, so it is important to check this before submitting.

    Applying to a German University needs special attention and complete knowledge. Certain formalities have to be fulfilled. Check the following admission requirements for Bachelor’s, Masters’s, and PhD intakes:

    Admission Criteria in Bachelor’s Program
    Students who want to apply to a Bachelor’s program in Germany should choose a German University and then apply online on the given dates. An online application form is available at their sites, where the student has to get registered and take his/her applicant’s ID. You can also upload all the required documents via scanned PDF soft copies. It is mandatory to sign the application before submission.

    The Entrance Criterion: To apply to a German University, the student should be qualified according to their university entrance qualification. For this, the student should possess a high school leaving certificate. This certificate has to be recognized in Germany. If for any reason you are not eligible for this entrance criterion then you have to get enrolled in the Foundation course. The free-of-cost preparatory courses are subject-based rights according to the field of studies the student wishes to study. This one-year course will prepare you to attempt the qualification assessment examination. Once you pass this exam, you become eligible for a university entrance qualification. Now the student can enter higher education institutes in Germany. Students can browse the online “Anabin” database and check their country-specific requirements. In some cases, a student’s school leaving certificate and previous academic performance make the student eligible for direct admission without any entrance exam. It is, therefore, essential to check your status on the institutes’ websites.

    The students taking admission on Scholarship programs have to follow the program-specific requirements for taking admission to study in Germany

    Language Proficiency: For German taught courses students to have to show German language proficiency of B1 level while for English taught programs standard tests like IELTS, TOEFL, etc. are required with specified marks or bands. There are few bachelor courses offered in English while a lot of Master’s programs are however available in the English Language

    Bachelor’s Intakes: Students can apply twice a year to a German university, either in the winter or in summer. Applications for winter enrollments are submitted before 15 July, and applications for summer enrollments end by 15 January. Application deadlines are different in different institutions. It is recommended to apply at least 6 weeks before the given deadline to correct any error. A formal acceptance or rejection is received after a month or two of application submission.

    Recognized academic certificates and other Documents: Students have to submit their previous academic certificates of your translated and officially certified by a notary. The documents should contain a signature with an official stamp. These academic certificates generally include:

        1. The school leaving certificates and/or university entrance qualifications
        2. The academic transcripts,
        3. Certificates of the applicant’s previous educational background related to educational or extracurricular activities
        4. Certificates of any volunteered activity and work experience
        5. Specific-sized photographs
        6. Copy of valid passport
        7. Application Fees
        8. Evidence of health insurance in Germany
        9. Payment receipt for the semester fee
        10. Financial stability proofs

    Prospective students will have to prove that they have enough money to support their study abroad studies. The document, “Finanzierungsnachweis,” is proof of enough financial resources. This document is required while you are applying for an entry visa or residence permit in Germany. Generally, applicants have to show an amount of 8,700 Euros deposited for one year.

    Once you get the admission or acceptance letter from the university, you have to apply for a German student visa and have to hunt for accommodation as many German universities do not offer accommodation in their packages. Next is the enrollment step which also charges some fees to provide you with university-based facilities.

    Admission Requirements for Masters

    There are two categories of Master’s degrees in Germany consecutive or non-consecutive. The consecutive study is based on the academic knowledge related to the bachelor’s degree. While the Non-consecutive programs focus on professional development. In this case, applicants have an undergraduate degree along with some relevant work experience.

    Intakes and Entrance Eligibility: Admissions in master’s programs are conducted twice a year, either in the winter semester or in the summer semester. The summer semester begins in March, while the winter semester starts in September.

    A master’s degree in Germany takes four semesters (two years).To get eligibility for entrance qualification the prospective student has to prove his/her hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB)-higher education entrance qualification. Generally, an undergraduate degree completed in another country is accepted as an HZB for a master’s admission in Germany. However, requirements will vary depending on the course and institutions. Two eligibility tests are available for Masters Admission eligibility: the Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang (DSH, German language examination for university entrance) and the DaF (Deutsch als Fremdsprache, Test of German as a foreign language). The DSH is offered only at various German Universities, while DaF can be taken at centers in more than 90 global countries.

    The student should check the right test which is accepted by the universities you want to apply to study for a master’s in Germany. Sometimes the University department offering the program sets a minimum number of credits in specific fields of study and the student has to earn those credits to take admitted to the Master’s program. All information is available on the university’s website.

    German universities generally use a mutual platform, to offer their admission. Students can create a personal account at this site to choose their preferred master’s course. Students can also upload scanned applications and documents at the site. However, some universities do not follow this trend and work on their online application platform to receive the application and other processing. In such cases, students have to directly access the university’s website for relative information.

    Requirements for Master’s Program: The other documentation and other submission formalities are the same to study master’s in Germany as the bachelor’s program. The student has to provide sufficient financial proof, apply for a German student visa, search for accommodation, and finally have to buy suitable health insurance that covers your period of stay in Germany. Some master’s programs also ask students to submit

    a) Curriculum Vitae b) Personal or motivational statement c) Reference letters d) Some institutes also conduct an interview session over Skype.

    Admission Requirements for PhD

    There are two types of Ph.D. programs in Germany

        • The traditional Ph.D.: Students will do research projects independently under the guidance of an expert supervisor. The candidate chooses the institution for research. It could be a university or organization.
        • Structured doctoral programs – these are international English taught programs. Students will do additional training alongside the thesis. Research is conducted in collaborations and placements with external research institutes.

    Intakes and Duration of Ph.D. Program: Admission intakes are open twice a year: The winter semester runs from 1 October to 31 March AND The Summer semester –runs from 1 April to 30 September. The length of your traditional Ph.D. is 4-years and a structured doctoral program is generally 3 years.

    The German Ph.D. process: Whether you visit a study abroad consultant or follow the university instruction, you have to undergo the following process:

    Ph.D. fees: Ph.D. tuition is free in all German public universities for up to three years of study. However, students will have to pay tuition fees after three years that is, beyond the standard period for your Ph.D. course.

    Ph.D. students also pay a semester contribution of €150-200 for administration, student governance, and student services payment.

    Application Requirements for Ph.D. Program: Students who apply for a traditional Ph.D. have to contact a supervisor to supervise their thesis. Applications for structured PhDs are submitted directly to the institution or graduate school.

    Entry requirements:

        • Completion of a minimum of eight semesters of academic study with a final qualification equivalent to a German Masters’s degree
        • Submission of previous higher education degree/s, recognized by the Dean’s Office or Board of Examiners at your university.
        • Highly-qualified international students with academic excellence could be admitted onto a Ph.D. with a graduate Bachelor’s degree in the fast-track Ph.D. program. In this case, students have to pass an entrance examination.

    Language requirements: The language requirements for a Ph.D. in Germany will depend on the program applied. Structured doctoral programs are taught in English. Students have to qualify for an English language proficiency test, such as the TOEFL or IELTS with some set scores.

    In Traditional Ph.D. courses, students write the thesis in German. However, some institutions accept the thesis in other languages. For German-taught PD courses, students need a German language proficiency proof certified through DaF or DSH.

    Motivation Letter: A motivation letter is a personal statement by the student stating the main objectives, accomplishments, and prospects, that motivate you to choose this specific doctoral program. You have to connect your future studies with your past education. The motivation letter should be written in less than 500 characters. Students have to provide financial stability proof as in the case of master’s and Bachelor’s program

    Application process:

        • For the Traditional Ph.D. program students require a statement from the doctoral supervisor stating their intent to supervise your thesis
        • Students have to submit all their certified copies of certificates and academic transcripts from previous degrees
        • Students should provide recognition of their certificates and degrees from the Dean’s Office or University Board of Examiners
        • Academic reference letters from at least two professors who have previously taught you
        • Structured Ph.D. programs sometimes conduct an interview session with the candidate. The supervising committee takes the interview.
        • The selected supervisor will take the student’s interview in the case of traditional Ph.D. program Interviews for international students are conducted over Skype.

    Like the undergraduate or graduate admission, once you are selected for a Ph.D. program you have to apply for a German Student Visa, and health insurance and have to search for proper accommodation in Germany

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