Oldest Universities in the World: Did you know that certain universities have had more than a thousand years of history? Many of them were founded in the first half of the fifth century and are still in use today. Universities that have withstood the test of time and are still among the top educational institutions have much more to offer than simply a degree. They stand for the enduring power of culture, ancestry, and the capacity for adaptation to historical change. What a blessing it would be to attend such a university. Let’s look at the ten oldest universities in the world and their struggle for survival.
University of Bologna.
The University of Bologna, one of the top 10 oldest universities in the world, is located in the Italian city of Bologna. It was established in 1088 by a group of students who formed a guild. Today, it is one of the most well-known colleges in Europe. The University of Bologna is ranked 160th in the world in the QS World University Rankings 2021. Currently, the university provides 232-degree programs in fields including agriculture and food sciences, education, law, medicine, humanities, engineering and architecture, sociology, veterinary medicine, psychology, etc. The University of Bologna also operates a few specialized schools in the fields of veterinary medicine, cultural heritage, psychology, and health and law.
University of Cambridge
The Institution of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in England, having been founded in 1209. The Cambridge University Press, the second-largest university press in the world, is housed in the county town of Cambridge. The University of Cambridge is one of the top universities in the world right now, coming in at number seven in the QS World University Rankings 2021. The university has various faculties and departments, in addition to 31 independent colleges and 6 schools. The Arts and Humanities; Physical Sciences; Humanities and Social Sciences; Clinical Medicine; Biological Sciences; and Technology are among the six schools that make up the University of Cambridge.
The Institution of Oxford, which is the oldest university in England and the second-oldest university in the world to still be in continuous operation, is ranked fifth in the QS World University Rankings for 2021. Evidence suggests that the university dates back to at least 1096. Currently, the institution has 6 permanent private halls and 39 independent colleges. The four academic divisions of social sciences, humanities, medical sciences, mathematics, physical sciences, and life sciences each include about 100 significant academic departments. International students make up about 43% of all University of Oxford undergraduates.
The University of Padua
The University of Padua is the second-oldest university in Italy and the fifth-oldest university in the world. It was established in the northern Italian city of Padua in 1222. The university is divided into 8 major schools: the School of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine; the School of Economics and Political Science; the School of Engineering; the School of Human and Social Sciences and Cultural Heritage; the Law School; the School of Medicine; the School of Psychology; and the School of Science. These eight major schools collectively have 32 departments. According to the QS World University Rankings 2021, the University of Padua is ranked 234 overall.
University of The Siena
The University of Siena is situated in the central Italian city of Siena and is one of the country’s oldest public universities. In the QS World University Rankings 2021, the university currently holds a position between 651 and 700. The University of Siena has a total of 15 departments, which are split into the four main categories of biomedical and medical sciences; economics, law, and political science; experimental sciences and literature; history, philosophy, and the arts; as well as a number of university-wide and departmental research centers. The programs in law, economics, management, and medicine are the ones that are most well-known.
The Italian republic of Florence founded the University of Florence in 1321. At first, the institution offered courses in Civil and Canon Law, Literature, and Medicine. In the QS World University Rankings 2021, the University of Florence is currently ranked 432. The university’s 10 schools and 21 departments collectively offer undergraduate and graduate-level courses. The Agricultural School, the School of Architecture, the School of Economics and Management, the School of Law, the School of Engineering, the School of Psychology, the Sciences School of Human Health, the School of Mathematical Sciences, the School of Physical and Natural Sciences, the School of Political Sciences, and the School of Humanities and Education are the 10 schools.
The University of Paris is the second-oldest university in Europe, having been founded in 1150. Between 1793 and 1806, the university was closed for a brief time due to the French Revolution and its aftermath. In 1970, the university was split into 13 independent units. Students from all around the world can enroll in undergraduate, graduate, and doctorate programs there. The three major colleges of sciences (5 departments), health (9 departments), and humanities and social sciences (26 departments) make up the University of Paris (12 departments).
University of Vienna
One of the top 10 oldest universities in the world is the University of Vienna, which was established in 1365. It is a public university in Austria that is well-known for its humanities programs. This university, which is ranked 150th in the QS World University Rankings for 2021, provides about 178 distinct degree programs. The university provides bachelor’s and master’s degree programs in the following disciplines: art, culture & media; economics; social sciences & law; education; philosophy; history; languages; cultures; mathematics; computer science & technology; natural sciences; psychology; health & sports; and society & politics. There are PhD programs available in law and interdisciplinary legal studies; humanities; philosophy; education; business, economics, and statistics; as well as the natural and life sciences.
University of Salamanca
King Alfonso IX created the Institution of Salamanca in 1218, making it the third-oldest operating university in the world and the oldest in Spain. It provides over 81 undergraduate and graduate courses across its 26 faculties and schools, which are made up of several departments. The university also has a number of university research institutes that are focused on doing scientific, creative, and technical research as well as providing specialized instruction. The social and legal sciences are the fields where this university offers the most popular courses. In the QS World University Rankings 2021, the university is ranked between 601 and 650th.
University of Al-Karaouine
It is the oldest continually running higher education facility in the world, not to be mistaken with the oldest university, and is situated in Fez, Morocco. Fatima al-Fihri, an Arab woman, founded it and a related madrasa in 859. This institution initially offered classes in Islamic religion, Arabic grammar, music, Sufism, medicine, and astronomy. The institution was incorporated into the state’s educational system in 1947, and starting in 1957, classes in physics, chemistry, and foreign languages were offered. Students who attend the University of Al-Karaouine from Morocco, Islamic West Africa, and Muslim Central Asia still receive their education using a traditional method.