Canada Permanent Residence: Canada allows international students to attain post-graduation work permits in Canada if they intend to settle there after completing their degrees. The post-graduation work permit will eventually lead the candidate to attain permanent residency in Canada. While studying in Canada the Canadian study permit is your sole identity. Even for doing part-time work, the students don’t need an exclusive work permit. The study permit serves the purpose of 20 hours week work permission as well. The study permit remains valid until 90 days after you graduate from Canada. Under this time duration, the students can find employment and apply for a post-graduation work permit.
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Canada Permanent Residence
The post-graduation work permit programs ran by the Government of Canada are based on a person’s skill and professional experience. There are several post-graduation work permit programs that include: Federal Skilled Workers Program, Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Workers Program, Federal Skilled Trades, Provincial Nominee Program, and Atlantic Immigration Pilot. After staying in Canada for 5 years continuously an individual becomes eligible to apply for permanent residency in Canada. Each post-graduation work permit has its own eligibility criteria and skills and education requirements. Written below is a step-by-step guide to attaining a permanent residence visa in Canada for students studying in Canada.
English Language Proficiency Tests
The intending students or immigrants wanting to do a job in Canada post-graduation from Canada or from anywhere in the world need to prove their proficiency in English or French to gain permanent residency or citizenship of Canada. To demonstrate English language skills (Visit Our Tests Section for IELTS and TOEFL Details in Pakistan) the candidates must pass the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) which is the Canadian standard of checking English language abilities and The Niveaux de compétence Linguistique canadiens (NCLC) which is used to assess French language abilities of candidates.
National Occupation Classification (NOC)
For immigration purposes, the National Occupation Classification (NOC) has classified all the occupations of the Canadian job market in accordance with the skills required. The skills required according to immigration programs are enlisted below:
Skill Type (Zero) O: For Management jobs no extra skills are required.
Skill Type A: Professional jobs. For professional jobs, the Canadian market requires a degree from a university related to their field.
Skill Type B: Technical and Skills Trades require training as an apprentice or diploma from college.
Skill Type C: Intermediate jobs which require the candidate to have passed a high school diploma or job-specific training.
Skill Type D: Labor-related jobs that usually train their employees about their jobs on the field.
Canadian Experience Class Program
To attain a Canadian Experience Class Program visa the candidates are required to have eligibility criteria explained below:
Language Skills: The candidate must have a strong command of the English or French language. (CLB 7 if your NOC is 0 or A and CLB 5 if your NOC is B).
Type of Work Experience: The candidate must have experience of work in Skill Type 0, A, and B.
Duration of Work Experience Required: A candidate must have work experience of 12 months in the above-mentioned skills which can be attained while doing part-time jobs or full-time jobs.
Job Offer: Even if you don’t have a job offer in your hand yet you are eligible for this program. But you can gain additional points if you have one.
Education: For Skill 0 education from Canada is not required. Skill A and B degrees from Canada are required.
Federal Skilled Workers Program Canada 2022
Language Skills: A strong command of over English or French language is required (CLB 7).
Type of Work Experience: The candidate must have experience of work in skills 0, A, and B.
Duration of Work Experience Required. The candidate must have work experience of at least a year part-time, full time, or other job experience is counted.
Job Offer: Not necessary but additional points will be given if you have one.
Education: Having a secondary education degree is a must. If you have post-secondary education then additional points will be given.
Federal Skilled Trades
Language Skills: English and French language proficiency are required. (CLB 5 for speaking and listening and CLB 4 for reading and writing).
Type of Work Experience: Skill Type A and B are required.
Duration of Work Experience: 2 years of experience is a requirement in the last 5 years.
Job Offer: full-time contract of 1 or 2 years from an employer is required or a candidate must have a certificate issued by Canadian provincial or territorial authority for qualification in that skilled trade.
Education: Professional degrees are required.
Provincial Nominee Program
Language Skills: English language and French language skills are required and the level of CLB varies from province to province.
Type of Work Experience: Specific skill requirement depends on province but Skill Type 0, A, B, C, and D are all applicable.
Duration of Work Experience: The work experience duration depends on the province.
Job Offer: Varies from province to province.
Education: It depends on provincial laws.
Atlantic Immigration Pilot
Language Skills: You must have a strong command of English or French language. CLB 4 is a requirement.
Type of Work Experience: Skill 0, A, B, C, or D
Duration of Work Experience: Not a requirement
Job Offer: Required whether it be for Skill 0, A, B, C, or D. The job offer must be from an employer in Atlantic Canada.
Education: Secondary education attained from one of the publicly funded post-secondary institutions in Atlantic Canada. The program must have been if two years duration.
Becoming Permanent Residence in Canada
Canada issues PR to hundreds of candidates each year. By attaining a PR you become a legal resident of Canada and can move freely in the country, study, work for 5 years. It can be renewed after 5 years or you can change your visa type depending upon your job category. To become a Permanent resident of Canada, there is a number of immigration categories. These immigration categories have specific eligibility criteria depending upon your job and skill. Five main immigration categories are written below:
-Express Entry Category
-Family Class Immigration
-Canadian Experience Class
-Provincial Nominee Programs
Express Entry Category:
To attain this type of immigration category following programs are applicable:
-Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
-The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
-The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Candidates having managerial experience or having an established business can apply for this immigration category. High net worth or per annum income will be required to apply for this type of permanent residence. Investors, Entrepreneurs, and Self Employed Persons can apply for the Canada Business Immigration Program. The specific requirements to apply for permanent residence under the Canada Business Immigration Program are as below:
-The applicant has operated, controlled, or directed a business with success
-The applicant earns a net worth of at least $1,600,000 from the business he/she has successfully established by his/her own endeavors.
-The applicant can invest an amount of $800,000 for a duration of 5 years under the supervision of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada which will work as an agent on behalf of territorial or provincial investments funds.
Family Class Immigration Visa 2022
This immigration category allows the family members of permanent resident holders to invite their families to reside in Canada on a permanent basis for work or study. Canada has initiated this program to reunite the families of permanent residence holders in Canada. The permanent resident holders of Canada can invite His or her spouse, Common-law Partner, Conjugal Partner, Dependent child, Adopted children, Parents, and Grandparents. The permanent resident has to prove the following specifications in order to sponsor their family members to live with them in Canada:
-They must prove they have enough finances to support their family member financially
-The candidate must sign an agreement with the Government of Canada or Quebec that they will support their invited family member until a certain amount of time and they will support themselves later financially.
-The sponsor at least be 18 years old
-The sponsor has no criminal record
-The sponsor is not bankrupt
-The sponsor is not under the process of Permanent residency Removal
Canadian Experience Class
A temporary foreign worker or foreign student can apply for this program for permanent residency in Canada. The duration of work experience and skills of international students or foreign workers will be taken into account to issue permanent residency under the Canadian Experience Class. Both international students and foreign workers can apply for this program if they meet the eligibility criteria specified below:
-The applicant has the plan to reside in Canada in the province outside of Quebec
-The applicant has 12 months of experience in Skill 0, A, B by doing a part-time job or full-time job.
-The applicant has gained work experience from a proper authorized firm or organization
-Meet the language proficiency requirement
Provincial Nominee Programs
The applicants of Provincial Nominee Programs can get a visa in a speedy process. The applicants of Provincial Nominee Programs must have gained proper education, can prove command of English and French language, have work experience, have a training or skilled trade diploma. The applicant must be nominated by one of the Provincial Government of Canada. The Provincial Governments of Canada have an agreement with the Federal Government of Canada to nominate skilled workers to reside in their province under eligibility obligations. The eligibility criterion for Provincial Nominee Programs is mentioned above.